FEBERATION CYNOLOGIQUE INTERNATIONALE NEAPOLITAN MASTIFF
TRANSLATION Mrs. Peggy Davis ORIGIN: Italy - standard F.C.I. n 197 – DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE VALID ORIGINAL STANDARD: 27th november 1989
UTILIZATION Protection and guard dog. FCI’S CLASSIFICATION: Group 2 (Pinscher and Schnauzer type - Molossian type and Swiss cattledogs) Section 2.1 (Mastiff type) Without working trial
BRIEP HISTORICAL SUMMERY
The Neapolitan Mastiff is a descendant of the great Ro- man mastiff described by Columelle in the first century A.D. in his book ”de re rustica”. Widespread all over Europe by the Roman legions, with which he has fought, he is the ances- tor of numerous mastiff breeds in the other European countries. Having survived so many cen- turies in the countryside at the foot of Mt. Vesuvius and general in the region of Naples, he has been re-selected since 1947, thanks to the tenacity and devotion of a group of dog lovers.
GENERAL APPEARANCE
Large, heavy massive and bulky dog, whose length of body ex- ceeds the height at the withers.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS The lenght of the body is 10% more than the height at the withers. The ratio skull-muzzle is of 2 to 1.
BEHAVIOUR AND TEMPERAMENT Steady and loyal, not aggressive or biting without reason, guardian of the property and its in habitants, always vigilant, intelligent, noble and rna- jestic.
HEAD Short and massive, with a skull wide at level of zygomatic arches; its lenght is about 3/10 of the height at the withers. Ample skin with wrinkless and folds of which the most typical and the best marked goes from the outer palpebral angle down to the lip angle. The upper 1ongitudinal axes of the sku11 and the muzzle are parallel.
CRANIAL REGION The skull is wide, flat, particulary between the ears, and, seen from the ~~ont, slightly convex in its fore part. The bizygomatic width is more that half the lenght of the ”ead. The zygomatic arches are very prominent, but with flat muscles. The protuberances of the frontal bones are well developed; the frontal furrow is marked; the occipital crest is hardly visible.

FACIAL REGION
NOSE Set in the prologation of the muzzle, must not protrude beyond the ourter vertical line of the lips, must be voluminous with large, we11 opened nostrils. Its colour is according to the colour of the coat: black tor the black subjects, dark greybrown in dogs of other colours, and chestnut for brown coats.
MUZZLE It is very wide and deep; its length corresponds to that of the fore-face and must be equal to the third of the length of the head. The lateral sides are parallel (between them), so that, seen from the front, the shape of the muzzle is practically square.
LIPS Fleshy, thick and full; upper lips, seen from the front, form an inverted ”V” at their meeting point. The lower lateral profile of the muzzle is shaped by the upper lips; their lowest part is the corner of the lips, with visible mucous membranes, situated on the vertical from the external angle of the eye.
JAWS Powerful with strong jaw bones and dental arches joining perfectly. Lower jaw must be well developed in its width.
TEETH White, well developed, regularly aligned and complete in number. Scissor bite, i.e. upper incisors closely overlapping the lower ones in c1ose contact, set straight to the jaw, or, pincer bite, i.e. upper incisors meet edge to edge with the lower incisors.
EYES Set on an equal frontal level, well apart one from the other; rather round, slight1y deep set. Compared with the coat co1our, the colour of the iris is darker. The eye may nevertheless, be lighter in coats of diluted shades.
EARS Small in relation to the size of the dog, of triangular shape, set above the zygomatic .’ arch, they are flat and close to the cheeks. When they are cropped, they have the form of an al-: most equilateral angle.

NECK
PROFILE The upper profile is slightly convex. LENGTH: rather short, measures about Z,8/10 of the height of the withers.
SHAPE Conical trunk shaped, well muscled. At mid-length the perimeter is equal to about 8/10 of the height at the withers.
SKIN Lower edge of the neck is well endowed with loose skin which forms a double dewlap, well separated, but not exaggerated; starts at level of the lower jaw and does not go beyond middle of the neck.
BODY The length of the body exceeds by 10% the height at the withers.
TOP LINE Topline of the back is straight; withers are wide, long and not very prominent.
BACK Broad and of a length about 1/3 of the height at the withers. The lumbar region must be harmoniously united with the back and muscles well developed in width. The ribcage am- ple, with long and well sprung ribs. The circumference of the thorax is about 1/4 more than the height at the withers.
RUMP Wide, strong and well musc1ed. Its obliqueness compared with the measured horizon- tal on that of the hip bone (coxal) is about 30’. Its length is equal to 3/10 of the height at the withers. The hip bones are prominent to the extent of reaching the top lumbar line.
CHEST Broad and wide with well developed chest muscles. Its width is in direct relation with ihat of the ribcage and reaches the 40-45% of the height at the withers. The tip of the sternum is situated at the level of the scarpular-humeral joint.
TAIL Broad and thick at its root; strong, tapering slightly towards the tip. In length it reaches the articulation of the hock, but usually is docked at about 2/3 of its length. At rest is carried pmging and curved in sabre fashion, in action lifted horizontally or slightly higher than the top line.

LIMBS
FREQUARTERS On the whole, the forequarters, from the ground to the point of the elbow, seen in profile and from the front, are vertical with a strong bone structure in proportion with the size of the dog.
SHOULDERS Their length measures about 3/10 of the height at the withers with an oblique- ness of 50’-60’ on the horizontal. The muscles are well developed, long and well defined. The angle of the scapulo-humeral articulation is of 105’-115’.
ARM Measures about 30% of the height at the withers. Its obliqueness is of 55’-60’ furnished with significant musculature.
GOMITI Coperti di pelle abbondante e rilassata non sono troppo serrati alla parete de1 costa-10.
ELBOWS Covered with abundant loose skin, they are not too close to the body.
FOREARMS Its length is almost the same as that of the arm. Placed in perfect vertical posi- tion, of a strong bone structure, with lean and well developed muscles.
PASTERN JOINT Broad, lean and without nodosity, continues the vertical line of the forearm.
PASTERN flat continues the vertical line of the forearm. Its inclination on the horizontal to- wards the front is of about 70’ to 75’. Its length is equal to about 1/6 of the length of the limb from the ground up to the elbow.
FOREFEET
Of round shape, large, toes well arched and well-knit. The pads are lean, hard and we11 pigmented. The nails are strong, curved and of a dark colour.
HINDQUARTERS
On the whole they must be powerful and sturdy, in proportion with the size of the dog and capable of the required propulsion in movement.
UPPER-THIGH
In length measuring 1/3 of the height at the withers and its obliqueness on the horizontal is about 60’. It is broad with thick, prominent but clearly distinct muscles. The thigh bone and the hip bone (femur and coxa) form an angle of 90’.
LOWER THIGH
Length slightly inferior to that of the thigh and of an obliqueness of 50’-55’, with strong bone structure and well visible mosculature.
STIFLE The femoral-tibial (hip bone-shin bone) angle is about 110’-115’.
HOCK JOINT
Very long in relation to the length of the leg, its length is about 2,5/10 of the ”eight at the withers. The tibial-tarsal articulation forms an angle of 140’-145’.
HOCK
Strong and lean, its shape almost cylindrical, perfectly straight and parallel, its length is about 1/4 of the height at the withers; eventual dewclaws should be removed.
HINDFEER
This constitutes a typical characteristic of the breed. At the walk, the gait of feline type of lion steps, is slow and resembles that of a bear. The trot is distinguished by a strong thrust of the hindquarters and a good extension of the forequarters. The dog rarely gal- lops; usual gaits: walk and trot – Pacing is tolerated.
GAIT/MOUEMENT Spessa, abbondante e lassa in tutto il corpo, particolarmente alla testa dove forma numerose pliche o rughe e al margine inferiore del collo dove forma giogaia.
SKIN
Thick, abundant and loose all over the body, particulazly on the head where it forms nu- merous folds and wrinkles, and at the lower part of the necl- where it forms a double dewlap.

COAT
TYPE OF COAT
Short rough and hald dense, of the same length all over, uniform1y smooth, fine and measures 1,5 cm maximum. Must not show any trace oE fringing.
COLOUR OF COAT Preferred colours are: grey, leaden grey and black, but also brown, fawn and deep fawn (red deer), with, sometimes, little white patches on the chest and on the tip of the toes. All these coats may be brindled; hazel, dove-grey and Isabella shades are tolerated.
SIZE Height at withers: males 65-75 cm. Females 60-68 cm. Some tolerance of 2 cm. More or 1ess is allowed.
WEIGHT Males 60 – 70 kg. Females 50 – 60 kg.
FAULTS
Any departure from the foregoing points constitutes a fault which must be penalized in proportion to its degree.
SERIOUS FAULTS
Pronounced undershot mouth; gay tail (trumpet tail), sizes bigger or smaller than the limits allowed.
DISQUALIFYING FAULTS
Overshot mouth; accentuated convergence or divergence of the facial-czanial axes; topline of muzzle concave or convex or very aquiline (Roman nose); total depigmentation of nose; wall eye; total depigrnentation of both rims of eyelids; cross eyed; ab- sence of wrinkles, folds and dewlap; absence of tail whether congenital or artificial; ex.tensive white patches; white markings on the head.

NOTE
males should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

Versione italiana